Mariana Trench - Deepest part of the world’s ocean
Some of the life found in Mariana Trench
From the Angler-Fish family. It fuses with the female during mating and uses her blood-stream.
Often linked to the mythical sea-serpent, this 300 trident-shaped teeth monster, can grow upto six feet. It also takes like 3 1/2 years to give birth(gestation).
Largest teeth of any fish in the ocean but don’t worry, it’s like six inches long.
4)Barbeled Dragon Fish
It’s also about six inches long. It can produce its own light and the walls of its stomach are pitch black so no light can be seen through it.
Vampire Squid (Vampyroteuthis infernalis)
Taxonomy: The Vampyroteuthis infernalis, literally translates to “vampire squid from hell” was first described in 1903 and was thought to be an octopus with eight arms. Subsequent sightings of it showed two additional arms were discovered tucking into pockets. It is currently, the only animal in the order Vampyromorphida, an order “in between” octopus and squid, mainly due to the addition of sensory filaments believed to be used for finding food in the deep sea.
Characteristics: V. infernalis is most commonly known for its jet-black skin, the “cape” webbed skin between the arms and eyes that appear blood red at times. It has excellent predator avoidance behavior, including the ability to invert itself, exposing suckers and cirri, making it look as though it is covered in spines. V. infernalis also has light organs on the tip of each arm and at the base of its fins. The animal will begin to glow and wiggle about while also expelling mucus containing “thousands of glowing spheres of blue bioluminescent light.” While this mucus is being expelled, the vampire squid escapes.
Size: Average size for V. infernalis is between 25 – 30 cm (9-12 inches). For its size, the vampire squid has the largest eyes of any animal in the world; approximately the size of a wolf or full-grown dog.
Distribution and habitat: V. infernalis lives in the oxygen minimum layer (600-800 m depth) because it is highly effective at removing oxygen from the water due to a pigment that easily binds oxygen (hemocyanin). It also has a very low metabolic rate and high gill surface areas. Specimens have been collected from tropical and subtopical waters worldwide.
From the genus Magnapinna, the Bigfin Squid's long tentacles can grow up to four and six meteres (13-29 feet). Their purpose? Scientists speculate that they run them along the sea floor to snatch prey.
The Butterfly Snail (Limacina helicina) is a species of predatory swimming marine snail. They are a keystone species within Arctic pelagic ecosystems and are currently under serious threat.
They are being impacted by Ocean Acidification, due to pollution the ocean waters are becoming too acidic for survival. The corrosive waters off the West Coast of the U.S are dissolving the shells of these unique creatures and inevitably killing them. The decline of these will have major flow on effects to major marine ecosystems.
Species in the Rhinochimaera family are known as long-nosed chimaeras. Their unusually long snouts (compared to other chimaeras) have sensory nerves that allow the fish to find food. Also, their first dorsal fin contains a mildly venomous spine that is used defensively. They are found in deep, temperate and tropical waters between 200 to 2,000 m in depth, and can grow to be up to 140 cm (4.5 ft) in length.
Chimaeras (also known as ghost sharks and ratfish) are an order of cartilaginous fish most closely related to sharks, but they have been evolutionarily isolated from them for over 400 million years.
Deep Sea Frilled Shark; unfortunately this incredible and rarely seen creature was brought towards the surface of the ocean after a storm. Fishermen found the deep sea shark and alerted the proper people. They attempted to save the frilled shark but she had been near the surface for far too long and it’s believed that made her become very ill. Her body coming to the surface has provided a chance at research and valuable information that had previously been difficult, if not impossible, to obtain. | animal blog